Adjectives: Degrees of Comparison
We notice that :
1. Ajay is tall.
2. Vijay is taller
3. Rajesh is the tallest
of the three.
Here, the words 'tall', 'taller', and 'tallest' are adjectives. They are the different forms of the adjective 'tall'.
We use 'tall' when we don't compare Ajay with anyone.
Ajay is tall.
We use 'taller' when we compare two persons : Ajay and Vijay
Vijay is taller
We use 'tallest' when we compare more than two persons.
Rajesh is the tallest
of the three.
- Thus, we see that adjectives can show comparison between two or more people, animals or things.
There are three degrees of comparison :
The positive degree
of an adjective is used when no comparison is made.
1. Veena is young.
2. The green box is large.
Notice that here, we are not comparing 'Veena' with any other person or the 'box' with any other box.
This degree is used when we talk about one person or thing only.
The comparative degree
of an adjective is used when we compare two persons or things.
1. Juhi is younger
2. The red box is larger
than the green box.
This degree is used with two persons or two groups of persons or things.
The superlative degree
is used when we compare more than two persons or things.
1. Nita is the youngest
of all her sisters.
2. The black box is the largest
of all the boxes in my house.
This degree is used with more than two persons or things or more than two groups of persons or things.
FORMATION OF THE COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE DEGREES
- In case of most adjectives, we add '-er' and '-est' to the positive degree to form the comparative and superlative degrees respectively.