English Grammar

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Parts of Speech

The words that we write or say can be divided into eight classes called 'Parts of Speech'.

These are as follows:

Parts of Speech

  • Noun
  • Adjective
  • Pronoun
  • Verb
  • Adverb
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Interjection
Let us discuss them in detail.


A noun names a person, animal, place or thing. Example: Mohan is going to the market with his dog to buy a ball.

Mohan - person
market - place
dog - animal
ball- thing


An adjective tells us more about a noun.

Example: The old man had two dogs.

old - adjective
two - adjective


A pronoun is a word which is used in place of a noun.

Example : He gave me the pen yesterday.

He- pronoun
me- pronoun


A verb tells us what persons, animals, or things do, what they are or what they have.


1. The Indian team beat the England team.
2. The students of our class are very intelligent.
3. The elephant has large ears.


An adverb tells us more about a verb, another adverb or adjective.

Example: The tortoise walk slowly.

slowly - adverb


Preposition shows the relation between a noun, a prnoun and some other words or words in a sentence.

Example: Prerna sat on the chair near the window.

on - preposition

near - preposition

A conjunction helps in joining words, groups of words or sentences.

Example: Reema and Anita are my teammates.

and - conjunction


An interjection expresses a sudden feeling.

Example: Hurrah! We have won the match.

Hurrah! - interjection

Remember: In order to determine the part of speech a word belongs to, we should understand the work it does in a sentence.

Read these sentences.

1. I walk everyday in the morning.
2. She went for a walk

(i)In sentence 1, walk is a verb since it expresses an action.

(ii) In sentence 2, walk is a noun since it names something.

A small child fell into a pit and he cried frantically, Help!

. small - adjective
child - noun
fell - verb
into - preposition
and - conjunction
he - pronoun
cried - verb
frantically - adverb
Help! Help! - interjection

Parts of speech
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