English Grammar

Learn English Grammar

Parts of Speech

The words that we write or say can be divided into eight classes called 'Parts of Speech'.

These are as follows:

Parts of Speech

  • Noun
  • Adjective
  • Pronoun
  • Verb
  • Adverb
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Interjection
Let us discuss them in detail.

NOUN



A noun names a person, animal, place or thing. Example: Mohan is going to the market with his dog to buy a ball.

Mohan - person
market - place
dog - animal
ball- thing

ADJECTIVE

An adjective tells us more about a noun.

Example: The old man had two dogs.

old - adjective
two - adjective

PRONOUN

A pronoun is a word which is used in place of a noun.

Example : He gave me the pen yesterday.

He- pronoun
me- pronoun

VERB

A verb tells us what persons, animals, or things do, what they are or what they have.

Examples:

1. The Indian team beat the England team.
2. The students of our class are very intelligent.
3. The elephant has large ears.

ADVERB



An adverb tells us more about a verb, another adverb or adjective.

Example: The tortoise walk slowly.

slowly - adverb

PREPOSITION

Preposition shows the relation between a noun, a prnoun and some other words or words in a sentence.

Example: Prerna sat on the chair near the window.

on - preposition

near - preposition
CONJUNCTION

A conjunction helps in joining words, groups of words or sentences.

Example: Reema and Anita are my teammates.

and - conjunction

INTERJECTION

An interjection expresses a sudden feeling.

Example: Hurrah! We have won the match.

Hurrah! - interjection

Remember: In order to determine the part of speech a word belongs to, we should understand the work it does in a sentence.

Read these sentences.

1. I walk everyday in the morning.
2. She went for a walk

(i)In sentence 1, walk is a verb since it expresses an action.

(ii) In sentence 2, walk is a noun since it names something.



A small child fell into a pit and he cried frantically, Help!

Help!
. small - adjective
child - noun
fell - verb
into - preposition
and - conjunction
he - pronoun
cried - verb
frantically - adverb
Help! Help! - interjection

Parts of speech
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