English Grammar

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The Sentence



A sentence is a group of words that makes complete sense.

Read the follwing group of words

  1. Have homework I my finished.
  2. My homework
  3. I have finished my home work

The group of words in example 1 makes no sense.

The group of words in example 2 makes sense but not complete.

The group of words in example 3 makes complete sense.

. Some examples of sentenses are:
  1. Vineet is a good singer.
  2. Why were you absent yesterday?
  3. What a pleasant day it is!
  4. I don't want to visit the fair.

Thus we can see that:
1. A sentence is a group of words.
2. It makes complete sense.
3. It has verb or a action word. (highlighted in blue Color)
4. It begins with a Capital Letter. (highlighted in red color)
5. It ends with a full stop(.) or question mark(?) or an exclamation mark.(!)

Remember a sentence always has a verb

Rewrite the words in proper order and make complete sentenses. Put capital letters and full stops where required.

Example:
pot is this a
This is a pot.
Exercise:

1. handwriting very Rima's is good
2. Shruti and are Meena sisters
3.love books story I reading
4. hare tortoise the beat the
5. musiv has won Prerna the competition
6. mother very well my cooks
7. goes for walk Rahul moening everyday
8. school next week the will reopen
Read the following group of words.

1. in the garden
2. was reading
3. my father

These group of words do not make complete sense. We can turn them into sentenses by adding few words.

Example:



1. Grandfather is walking in the garden.
2. Meena was reading the book.
3. My father is a businessman.



Exercise:

Use these group of words to make meaningful sentenses.

1. in the college
2. to the market
3. very sad
4. why are
5. who is
6. play with
7. reaches on time

Rewrite the following passage using capital letters and full stops where necessary.

a paragraph is a group of words put together to form a group that is usually longer than a sentence paragraphs are often made up of many sentences they are usually between four to eight sentences Paragraphs can begin with an indentation, or by missing a line out, and then starting again; this makes telling when one paragraph ends and another begins easier

in most organized forms of writing, such as essays, paragraphs contain a topic sentence this topic sentence of the paragraph tells the reader what the paragraph will be about essays usually have multiple paragraphs that make claims to support a thesis statement, which is the central idea of the essay





A paragraph is a group of words put together to form a group that is usually longer than a sentence. Paragraphs are often made up of many sentences. They are usually between four to eight sentences. Paragraphs can begin with an indentation , or by missing a line out, and then starting again; this makes telling when one paragraph ends and another begins easier.

In most organized forms of writing, such as essays, paragraphs contain a topic sentence . This topic sentence of the paragraph tells the reader what the paragraph will be about. Essays usually have multiple paragraphs that make claims to support a thesis statement, which is the central idea of the essay.


There are four kinds of sentences.

Kinds of sentences

1. Assertive or Declarative Sentences
2. Imperative Sentences
3. Interrogative Sentenses
4. Exclamatory Sentenses



Assertive or Declarative Sentences Read the following sentences

1. Mohan is an intellegent boy.
2. Prerna loves to eat ice cream.

Sentences which simply say or state something are called assertive or declarative sentences.

Here are some more Examples of assertive sentences.

1. Ashoka was a great ruler
2. Sachin is a good bowler.

Remember

An assertive Sentence says something or states something.
It ends with a full stop (.).

Imperative Sentences

Read these sentences.

1. Don't talk in class.
2. Please open the door.
3. Take the medicines regularly.

The above sentences express command as in the example 1, request as in the example 2 and advice as in the example 3.

All these are imperative sentenses.

An imperative sentence is that which epresses a command, a request or an advice.

Here are some more examples of imperative sentences.

1. Go out of the class. (Command)
2. Please pass me the salt. (Request)
3. You should eat healthy food to stay healthy. (Advice)

Remember

An Imperative sentence expresses a command, a request or an advice.
It ends with a full stop(.)

Interrogative Sentence Read the following sentence



1. What are you doing here?
2. Have you finished your lunch?

These sentences ask questions.

Sentence which ask questions are called interrogative sentences.

Remember

An interrogative sentence asks a question. It ends with a question mark.(?). Exclamatory Sentence

Read the following sentence

1. How nice of you to have come!
2. What a beautiful baby she is!

All these sentenses express some strong feeling.

Sentences which express some strong feeling are called exclamatory sentences.

Some more examples of exclamatory sentences are given below.

1. How exciting the trip was!
2. What an interesting match it was!

Remember

An exclamatory sentence expresses a strong feeling.
It ends with an exclamation mark(!).

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