English Grammar

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Verbs - Sigular and Plural



1. Singular
2. Plural

Read these sentences.

1. The child laugh at the clown.
2. The children laugh at the clown.

The verb in sentence (1.), 'laughs' is a singular verb because the subject 'child' is a singular subject.
In sentence (2.), the subject is 'children' which is a plural noun and so the verb also changes to a plural verb 'laugh'.

Every sentence has a subject and a verb and the subject and the verb must agree in number.

  • If the subject in a sentence is singular, the verb should also be singular.
Example :
The dog lives in the park.
dog- singular subject
lives- singular verb
  • If the subject in a sentence is plural, the verb should also be plural.
Example :
The dogs live in the park.
dogs- plural subject
live- plural verb
  • 'You' always has a plural verb.
Example :
You are intelligent.
are- plural verb

Examples :
1. Mona and Sona are sisters.
Mona and Sona- plural subjects
are- plural verb
2. He and Tanu have left early.
He and Tanu- plural subjects
have- plural verb
  • We also know that collective nouns like 'band', 'bouquet' and so on are treated as single units and so they take singular verbs.
Example :
The band plays very good music.
The band- collective noun treated as a single unit
plays- singular verb
  • Even if a singular subject ends with 's' such as 'news', or names of books such as 'A round the World in 80 Days' the verb will be singular.
Examples :
1. 'A round the World in 80 Days' is my favourite book.
2. This news is the latest on Japan's earthquake.

Let us read some more examples to see how verbs changes forms to agree with the subjects.

Learn English Grammar


Learn English Grammar


Learn English Grammar




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